What is Neurological Surgery?

Neurological surgery is a medical study and surgical speciality that treats pain and pathological processes that affect the function or functioning of the central nervous system in adults and children the autonomic nervous system, its supporting tissues (meninges, skull and skull base, and vertebral column), and the vascular supply to these systems (intracranial, extracranial and spinal vasculature). Top neurosurgery hospital in Bangalore and other cities are trustworthy and have experienced great results.

Neurological surgery includes non-operative management (prevention, diagnosis, including image interpretation, and treatments such as, but not limited to, neurocritical intensive care and rehabilitation) as well as operative management (endovascular surgery, functional and restorative surgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, and spinal fusion) with its associated image use and interpretation.

Neurosurgery is one of the most modern surgical specialities, having emerged in the early 1900s. However, it is today one of the most cutting-edge medical specialities in the world of science and medicine, using some of the most cutting-edge technologies accessible.

To become a neurosurgeon, a person must attend medical school and a neurosurgery residency program. Additionally, the neurologist must have completed the required training in general surgery and critical care.

Pediatric neurosurgery, interventional neuroradiology, spine surgery, neurovascular surgery, neuro-oncology, pain management, and nerve trauma are just a few of the sub-specialities that a neurologist can specialize in. A neurologist and a neurosurgeon are two different types of doctors.


A neurologist is a doctor who specializes in the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain and nervous system. They do not, however, perform surgery. Headaches, Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis, sleep difficulties, pain, brain tumors, peripheral nerve diseases, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis are just a few of the illnesses they treat (ALS).

Some neurologists specialize in one or more subspecialties, such as neurophysiology, pediatric neurology, epilepsy, vascular neurology, behavioural neurology, and so on.


One prevalent misconception is that neurosurgeons only operate on the brain. According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS), they spend far more time on spine conditions and operations than they do on brain conditions and procedures. Back pain, neck discomfort, sciatica, herniated discs, degenerative disorders of the spine, and cerebrovascular illness are all common conditions that neurosurgeons treat. 

They also address illnesses that exhibit symptoms in one section of your body but are actually related to a problem in the central nervous system, because the nervous system stretches from your brain to your spine and your nerves branch out into your entire body. Carpal tunnel syndrome, for example, is sometimes linked to a cervical spine condition (neck area).

Top neurosurgery hospitals in Bangalore, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Pune, etc. have the best neurosurgeons to help you in the best way possible. 


These two groups of specialists and the conditions they treat to have some overlap. When surgery is required (such as for a brain tumor), these specialists may collaborate; like, a neurologist may recommend a patient to a neurosurgeon for surgery, and then the patient returns to the neurologist for long-term therapy. 

Ask your primary care physician which type of specialist to see if you have a problem or symptoms that you believe require a brain and spine specialist. Specialized branches have emerged to address unique and challenging situations. In more advanced facilities, these specialities coexist with general neurosurgery. 

A neurosurgeon must complete an extra one to two years of fellowship training in order to practice advanced specialization in neurosurgery. The following are some of the neurosurgical divisions:

  • Clipping aneurysms and conducting carotid endarterectomy are examples of vascular neurosurgery procedures (CEA)
  • Epilepsy surgery, stereotactic neurosurgery, and functional neurosurgery
  • Oncological neurosurgery is a type of neurosurgery that is used to treat
  • Surgery on the base of the skull
  • Spinal neurosurgery
  • Peripheral nerve surgery
  • Pediatric neurosurgery