Existential Counseling Theory: Defusing the Inner Anguish

Have you ever wondered what the meaning of life is? Do you get anxious when you think about death or your purpose? 

You may be experiencing existential anxiety. It’s not uncommon, and there are treatment options that will help reduce your inner anguish. 

Existential theory is a philosophical and psychological framework that explores the fundamental questions of human existence. Existential counseling theory offers valuable insights into the causes of inner anguish experienced by some individuals. Whether you’re struggling or know someone who is, this guide can help. 

Below, we are going to discuss existential theory, talk therapy, and free will.

The 4 Existential ‘Givens’

Within the existential theory, there are four ‘givens’ that can cause humans to have internal anguish. Freedom, isolation, meaninglessness, and death are the four concepts that can not be avoided, according to this theory. 

As humans, we have the ability/freedom to add meaning to our lives. Not only can we create a meaningful life, but it is our responsibility to. 

It’s also very normal for humans to feel alone, which is where isolation comes into play. Life often feels meaningless to a lot of people as well. 

Lastly, death is unavoidable and can be an overwhelming thought. 

How Does Existential Therapy Work 

Working with a therapist is a great way to address your fears and anxieties. However, taking that first step and contacting an expert can be daunting and scary.

Many people don’t know what to expect from therapy and therefore, they never get the help they need. 

Knowing how existential counseling theory works can ease your mind and make the decision a little easier. 

Your therapist is going to ask you some tough questions, and you may have to talk about unpleasant events that happened in your life. Doing this until the existential ideas show themselves helps you get to the root of the problem and hopefully elevates some of your pain. 

Don’t be surprised if your therapist has you set goals and helps you make a plan to achieve them. This will help reduce thoughts of purposelessness. 


Therapists and your healthcare experts will use several techniques to help you reduce your anguish. The first is a no-judgment environment. Any thoughts or feelings you’re having, you can share without fear of being attacked or criticized. 

You will also be asked a lot of questions. This will encourage mindfulness and help you be present in the moment.

Any negative feelings you’re having will be addressed. You’ll learn how to calm yourself and reduce feelings of anxiety on your own. 

During your treatment and existential therapy, you can expect to be pushed/encouraged to try new things. New experiences and exploring ideas can help you find purpose and meaning. 

Who’s It For 

Now, you may be wondering if existential counseling is for you. 

Well, people of all ages can benefit, as well as those from different backgrounds. If you’ve experienced a lot of trauma, talk therapy can be very beneficial too. 

Those struggling to manage their depression and anxiety should also consider this method of treatment. 


It’s important to know that existential counseling theory does have its limitations. There isn’t a lot of research out there about it yet; however, some studies have been conducted. 

There are some people who find this type of therapy to be too dark and pessimistic, so keep that in mind too. 

Benefits of Existential Counseling Theory

There are numerous benefits of existential counseling theory. 

Existential counseling encourages individuals to explore their thoughts, emotions, values, and beliefs. This can help lead them to a deeper understanding of themselves.

When you have insight into who you are and your own inner workings, you’ll have a stronger sense of identity. You will also feel more confident making everyday decisions. 

One of the big concepts of existential counseling is personal responsibility. When people take ownership of their lives, they feel more empowered. Through talk therapy, people will begin to recognize their own capacity to make decisions. 

This type of treatment also encourages people to accept the consequences that come from their choices, good and bad. 

Another benefit is that people will learn how to cope with their existential anxiety. A trained therapist will provide tools and strategies so you can navigate your feelings and anxiety. 

Relationship Advantages

It’s likely that your inner anguish is affecting your personal relationship. Therapy can help you understand the different patterns in your relationships.

You will be able to improve your communication skills and learn how to foster healthier connections. All of these things will lead to more fulfilling relationships. 

If you’re constantly struggling with inner uncertainty and anguish, your partner is going to feel your stress and anxiety. Without a professional’s help, you may have a hard time keeping your relationship together. 

This is normal, and that’s why we have specialists. You can learn a lot through talk therapy, and you may even be able to save your marriage. Naya Clinics : Therapy & Marriage Counseling is a great option for anyone wanting to save their relationship. 

The Existential Puzzle

Life can be confusing and overwhelming, to say the least. There are a lot of uncertainties that can cause people to have stress and anxiety.

However, there are a lot of resources out there that can help you navigate the existential puzzle that is all around you. 

You don’t have to continue to live with inner anguish. There are resources that you can utilize.

Relationship and sex therapy, for instance, can also play a crucial role in addressing existential anxieties, helping individuals and couples navigate their fears, uncertainties, and inner anguish. It provides a safe space to explore personal identity, communication patterns, and emotional well-being, ultimately fostering more fulfilling relationships and a deeper understanding of oneself.

By embracing the principles of existential counseling theory, you can embark on a transformative journey. Our blog is packed full of articles that will help you improve your mental and physical health. Keep browsing for more!