8 Must-Do Steps in Site Preparation for Construction
Site preparation is a vital part of the building process. It can make or break your project. This article will help you know what to do to prepare for construction before you start building. Read on for tips about checking for nearby power lines, getting geo data, and clearing trees and vegetation from the site.
1. Check for nearby power lines
There are two ways that your power lines can be overhead: they may be attached to poles or they may be buried. If you think you have overhead power lines, use a metal detector to find out for sure. If the metal detector picks up something, follow it and dig until you find the wire.
If your power line is underground (and this is more common than having it overhead), look for breaks in the ground that indicate where the cable has been dug up recently. You can also look for discolored grass around these spots; if there’s an underground line running through it, it’ll turn brown after exposure to rainwater for some time.
2. Get Geo data
A geo-data set is a collection of data about the Earth’s surface, such as elevation or location. Geo data can be collected by satellites, aircraft, and ground-based sensors. According to Sixense Group, It’s used for many purposes, including navigation, mapping, and land management. You might already use some forms of geo data in your everyday life (including when you Google Map directions to get somewhere).
Geo data can also help determine where a building should be placed on site: It helps planners choose places where it will be easy to access utilities like water and sewer lines as well as other facilities like public transportation stops or parking lots.
3. Clear trees and vegetation
Clearing trees and vegetation can be done in many ways. If you are using a chipper, it is best to use the excavator to remove the tree stumps and large rocks. Then, re-grade the site by removing excess dirt from around what will be your home or building. After that, level it out with a laser level or level rod (the latter can be found at any hardware store). Once this is done, you should have an even surface for construction!
4. Consult with a builder
Once you’ve got a good idea of what you want to build, it’s time to call in the experts, like duplex builders in Sydney. A builder can help with a lot of things from site preparation to how and where your structure should be built. If you’re not sure what kind of foundation is best for your building, they will be able to advise you on that as well. The builder can also advise on framing and laying the foundation.
5. Get an inspector
Many realtors and individuals should know that hiring an inspector is a cost-effective way to make sure your site is ready for construction. According to JMO Property, an expert in development of residential or commercial real estate in Yatala, there are many benefits to having an inspector on board before you start building, including:
- An inspection can detect potential safety hazards in the area
- A professional will check for local building codes and zoning rules
- An inspector will check for potential problems with the site itself, like erosion and flooding
- If there are any issues with the foundation of your house or other buildings on it (like a pool)
6. Excavate the site
Excavation is the process of digging a hole. Excavating a site is necessary when you need to dig a hole, such as when installing sewer lines or laying foundations for buildings. Excavators must take extra care when working so they don’t damage underground utilities or other structures on the property, as well as themselves and their equipment.
Excavating with hand tools (shovels) takes longer than using machinery like cranes or backhoes to dig up dirt because it’s hard work—but there are some benefits:
- Shoveling is safer than using heavy machinery because there’s less risk of injury from falling objects
- You can work faster with machines than with your hands (especially if you’re tired)
7. Remove any debris or large rocks
- Remove any debris and large rocks from the site.
- Do not leave large rocks in the ground as they will cause structural problems.
- Do not leave large rocks on the surface or in the way of construction to be removed at a later date, as they can cause damage to equipment and machinery.
8. Level the site
When it comes to the foundation, good site preparation is essential. Here are some of the things you should keep in mind:
- Level your site before laying the foundation. A laser level and/or a spirit level can help you do this. Because they’re so accurate, they’re often used by construction professionals on large projects or ones where accuracy is important, like skyscrapers or tall buildings that have to comply with building codes and regulations.
- If possible, use transit to check for levelness as well. A transit is an instrument that measures horizontal distances between two points on a surface (horizontal means parallel to Earth’s surface). It uses mirrors to show measurements from different angles at once so it doesn’t matter which way you hold the instrument while taking measurements since they’re all taken from exactly one spot on Earth’s surface anyway!
You’re now armed with all the knowledge you need to embark on your residential building and site preparation journey. You know what to look out for, and how to handle yourself during each step of the process. All that remains is for you to take those first steps, so get out there and start planning!